Daily Archives: October 1, 2021

Peace Agreement Analysis

When the peace agreement between the Colombian government and the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) was signed in 2016, many observers pointed out that the real challenge was just beginning. In the quote above, Jean Paul Lederach argues for “the need to forge quality implementation,” a perspective that requires more attention in peacemaking. So far, discussions on best practices in mediation and peace promotion have focused mainly on efforts to achieve the signing of a peace agreement. This involves both advising mediators and negotiating parties through a structured negotiation process and assisting other actors, such as. B civil society actors, to access and contribute to the content and processes of peace negotiations and to authorise the content and processes. 12 However, post-conflict economic recovery is often hampered by the legacy of conflict, including destroyed infrastructure, poverty and disease. Moreover, soldiers have few alternative capabilities to war work, and some – especially child soldiers – may have seen nothing in life other than war. As a result, war work is perceived as more profitable than demobilization. With few viable economic opportunities, veterans engage in parallel economic activities and use armed force as a function of theft, blackmail and greed. This creates spoilers and undermines “the consolidation of central power and the development of a national revenue base (…), while warlords have the opportunity to take over emerging social movements (…) “.

 [15]. Under these conditions, the profits of the informal economy go to small groups that develop a personal interest in peacebuilding, because their profits are linked to persistent insecurity, the absence of the state and the use of force of arms [16]. 51 Despite these restrictions, the economic provisions of the peace agreements play an important role in facilitating the transition to peacebuilding. The potential of an economic dimension lies in creating a common approach, managing economic expectations, reducing deterioration and providing peace dividends to the parties. But the challenges in implementing the often ambitious provisions of a peace agreement are considerable: the population`s expectations for an immediate and tangible manifestation of peace are high; Create new power relations and unexpected conflict challenges; and decisions taken in structured and limited political negotiations are entrusted to bodies and institutions that are implemented under considerable public control. Implementation will begin at the negotiating table when the parties discuss how to meet their obligations and will remain a challenge years after the signing of a peace agreement. 4The article presents its analysis in four parts. The first part deals with the link between the peace agreement and peacebuilding. In the second part, the case studies are elaborated. .

Paris Climate Agreement Performance

The government`s current efforts will not significantly slow down climate change, McCarthy said in a statement. Due to the COVID-19-induced lockdown and the economic recession, EU emissions are expected to decrease by 10% to 11% in 2020 compared to 2019. This would result in an overall decline of 34-35% in 2020 below the 1990 level. The economic recovery in 2021 is expected to lead to a 2% increase in emissions compared to 2020. Measures already implemented at Member States` national level will lead to a reduction in emissions of around 37% in 2030 compared to 1990 levels. Achieving Europe`s renewable energy and energy efficiency targets will lead to a 48% reduction in emissions by 2030. This indicates that the EU is on track to meet or exceed its current 2030 emissions reduction target, which is insufficient. . . .